Dans cet article, vous trouverez un script permettant de créer une serveur OpenVPN sur Ubuntu 18.04.

En sortie du script, un fichier config.ovpn sera créé. Il suffit de l'ajouter à un client VPN (i.e. tunnelblick sur Mac) et d'établir une connexion.

Vous pourrez vous connecter à la machine sur laquelle est installée le serveur VPN. Il suffit d'exécutez la commande ssh [email protected]

Voici le fameux script:

#!/bin/bash

if grep -qs "Ubuntu 16.04" "/etc/os-release"; then
	echo 'Ubuntu 16.04 is no longer supported in the current version of openvpn-install
Use an older version if Ubuntu 16.04 support is needed: https://git.io/vpn1604'
	exit
fi

# Detect Debian users running the script with "sh" instead of bash
if readlink /proc/$$/exe | grep -q "dash"; then
	echo "This script needs to be run with bash, not sh"
	exit
fi

if [[ "$EUID" -ne 0 ]]; then
	echo "Sorry, you need to run this as root"
	exit
fi

if [[ ! -e /dev/net/tun ]]; then
	echo "The TUN device is not available
You need to enable TUN before running this script"
	exit
fi

if [[ -e /etc/debian_version ]]; then
	OS=debian
	GROUPNAME=nogroup
elif [[ -e /etc/centos-release || -e /etc/redhat-release ]]; then
	OS=centos
	GROUPNAME=nobody
else
	echo "Looks like you aren't running this installer on Debian, Ubuntu or CentOS"
	exit
fi

newclient () {
	# Generates the custom client.ovpn
	cp /etc/openvpn/server/client-common.txt ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "<ca>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	cat /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/ca.crt >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "</ca>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "<cert>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	sed -ne '/BEGIN CERTIFICATE/,$ p' /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/issued/$1.crt >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "</cert>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "<key>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	cat /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/private/$1.key >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "</key>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "<tls-auth>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
	sed -ne '/BEGIN OpenVPN Static key/,$ p' /etc/openvpn/server/ta.key >> ~/$1.ovpn
	echo "</tls-auth>" >> ~/$1.ovpn
}

if [[ -e /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf ]]; then
	while :
	do
	clear
		echo "Looks like OpenVPN is already installed."
		echo
		echo "What do you want to do?"
		echo "   1) Add a new user"
		echo "   2) Revoke an existing user"
		echo "   3) Remove OpenVPN"
		echo "   4) Exit"
		read -p "Select an option [1-4]: " option
		case $option in
			1) 
			echo
			echo "Tell me a name for the client certificate."
			echo "Please, use one word only, no special characters."
			read -p "Client name: " -e CLIENT
			cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
			EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-client-full $CLIENT nopass
			# Generates the custom client.ovpn
			newclient "$CLIENT"
			echo
			echo "Client $CLIENT added, configuration is available at:" ~/"$CLIENT.ovpn"
			exit
			;;
			2)
			# This option could be documented a bit better and maybe even be simplified
			# ...but what can I say, I want some sleep too
			NUMBEROFCLIENTS=$(tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep -c "^V")
			if [[ "$NUMBEROFCLIENTS" = '0' ]]; then
				echo
				echo "You have no existing clients!"
				exit
			fi
			echo
			echo "Select the existing client certificate you want to revoke:"
			tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep "^V" | cut -d '=' -f 2 | nl -s ') '
			if [[ "$NUMBEROFCLIENTS" = '1' ]]; then
				read -p "Select one client [1]: " CLIENTNUMBER
			else
				read -p "Select one client [1-$NUMBEROFCLIENTS]: " CLIENTNUMBER
			fi
			CLIENT=$(tail -n +2 /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/index.txt | grep "^V" | cut -d '=' -f 2 | sed -n "$CLIENTNUMBER"p)
			echo
			read -p "Do you really want to revoke access for client $CLIENT? [y/N]: " -e REVOKE
			if [[ "$REVOKE" = 'y' || "$REVOKE" = 'Y' ]]; then
				cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
				./easyrsa --batch revoke $CLIENT
				EASYRSA_CRL_DAYS=3650 ./easyrsa gen-crl
				rm -f pki/reqs/$CLIENT.req
				rm -f pki/private/$CLIENT.key
				rm -f pki/issued/$CLIENT.crt
				rm -f /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				cp /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/pki/crl.pem /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				# CRL is read with each client connection, when OpenVPN is dropped to nobody
				chown nobody:$GROUPNAME /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
				echo
				echo "Certificate for client $CLIENT revoked!"
			else
				echo
				echo "Certificate revocation for client $CLIENT aborted!"
			fi
			exit
			;;
			3) 
			echo
			read -p "Do you really want to remove OpenVPN? [y/N]: " -e REMOVE
			if [[ "$REMOVE" = 'y' || "$REMOVE" = 'Y' ]]; then
				PORT=$(grep '^port ' /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf | cut -d " " -f 2)
				PROTOCOL=$(grep '^proto ' /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf | cut -d " " -f 2)
				if pgrep firewalld; then
					IP=$(firewall-cmd --direct --get-rules ipv4 nat POSTROUTING | grep '\-s 10.8.0.0/24 '"'"'!'"'"' -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to ' | cut -d " " -f 10)
					# Using both permanent and not permanent rules to avoid a firewalld reload.
					firewall-cmd --remove-port=$PORT/$PROTOCOL
					firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --remove-source=10.8.0.0/24
					firewall-cmd --permanent --remove-port=$PORT/$PROTOCOL
					firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --remove-source=10.8.0.0/24
					firewall-cmd --direct --remove-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
					firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --remove-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
				else
					systemctl disable --now openvpn-iptables.service
					rm -f /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
				fi
				if sestatus 2>/dev/null | grep "Current mode" | grep -q "enforcing" && [[ "$PORT" != '1194' ]]; then
					semanage port -d -t openvpn_port_t -p $PROTOCOL $PORT
				fi
				systemctl disable --now [email protected]
				rm -rf /etc/openvpn/server
				rm -f /etc/sysctl.d/30-openvpn-forward.conf
				if [[ "$OS" = 'debian' ]]; then
					apt-get remove --purge -y openvpn
				else
					yum remove openvpn -y
				fi
				echo
				echo "OpenVPN removed!"
			else
				echo
				echo "Removal aborted!"
			fi
			exit
			;;
			4) exit;;
		esac
	done
else
	clear
	echo 'Welcome to this OpenVPN "road warrior" installer!'
	echo
	# OpenVPN setup and first user creation
	echo "I need to ask you a few questions before starting the setup."
	echo "You can leave the default options and just press enter if you are ok with them."
	echo
	echo "First, provide the IPv4 address of the network interface you want OpenVPN"
	echo "listening to."
	# Autodetect IP address and pre-fill for the user
	IP=$(ip addr | grep 'inet' | grep -v inet6 | grep -vE '127\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}' | grep -oE '[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}' | head -1)
	read -p "IP address: " -e -i $IP IP
	# If $IP is a private IP address, the server must be behind NAT
	if echo "$IP" | grep -qE '^(10\.|172\.1[6789]\.|172\.2[0-9]\.|172\.3[01]\.|192\.168)'; then
		echo
		echo "This server is behind NAT. What is the public IPv4 address or hostname?"
		read -p "Public IP address / hostname: " -e PUBLICIP
	fi
	echo
	echo "Which protocol do you want for OpenVPN connections?"
	echo "   1) UDP (recommended)"
	echo "   2) TCP"
	read -p "Protocol [1-2]: " -e -i 1 PROTOCOL
	case $PROTOCOL in
		1) 
		PROTOCOL=udp
		;;
		2) 
		PROTOCOL=tcp
		;;
	esac
	echo
	echo "What port do you want OpenVPN listening to?"
	read -p "Port: " -e -i 1194 PORT
	echo
	echo "Which DNS do you want to use with the VPN?"
	echo "   1) Current system resolvers"
	echo "   2) 1.1.1.1"
	echo "   3) Google"
	echo "   4) OpenDNS"
	echo "   5) Verisign"
	read -p "DNS [1-5]: " -e -i 1 DNS
	echo
	echo "Finally, tell me your name for the client certificate."
	echo "Please, use one word only, no special characters."
	read -p "Client name: " -e -i client CLIENT
	echo
	echo "Okay, that was all I needed. We are ready to set up your OpenVPN server now."
	read -n1 -r -p "Press any key to continue..."
	if [[ "$OS" = 'debian' ]]; then
		apt-get update
		apt-get install openvpn iptables openssl ca-certificates -y
	else
		# Else, the distro is CentOS
		yum install epel-release -y
		yum install openvpn iptables openssl ca-certificates -y
	fi
	# Get easy-rsa
	EASYRSAURL='https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases/download/v3.0.5/EasyRSA-nix-3.0.5.tgz'
	wget -O ~/easyrsa.tgz "$EASYRSAURL" 2>/dev/null || curl -Lo ~/easyrsa.tgz "$EASYRSAURL"
	tar xzf ~/easyrsa.tgz -C ~/
	mv ~/EasyRSA-3.0.5/ /etc/openvpn/server/
	mv /etc/openvpn/server/EasyRSA-3.0.5/ /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	chown -R root:root /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	rm -f ~/easyrsa.tgz
	cd /etc/openvpn/server/easy-rsa/
	# Create the PKI, set up the CA and the server and client certificates
	./easyrsa init-pki
	./easyrsa --batch build-ca nopass
	EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-server-full server nopass
	EASYRSA_CERT_EXPIRE=3650 ./easyrsa build-client-full $CLIENT nopass
	EASYRSA_CRL_DAYS=3650 ./easyrsa gen-crl
	# Move the stuff we need
	cp pki/ca.crt pki/private/ca.key pki/issued/server.crt pki/private/server.key pki/crl.pem /etc/openvpn/server
	# CRL is read with each client connection, when OpenVPN is dropped to nobody
	chown nobody:$GROUPNAME /etc/openvpn/server/crl.pem
	# Generate key for tls-auth
	openvpn --genkey --secret /etc/openvpn/server/ta.key
	# Create the DH parameters file using the predefined ffdhe2048 group
	echo '-----BEGIN DH PARAMETERS-----
MIIBCAKCAQEA//////////+t+FRYortKmq/cViAnPTzx2LnFg84tNpWp4TZBFGQz
+8yTnc4kmz75fS/jY2MMddj2gbICrsRhetPfHtXV/WVhJDP1H18GbtCFY2VVPe0a
87VXE15/V8k1mE8McODmi3fipona8+/och3xWKE2rec1MKzKT0g6eXq8CrGCsyT7
YdEIqUuyyOP7uWrat2DX9GgdT0Kj3jlN9K5W7edjcrsZCwenyO4KbXCeAvzhzffi
7MA0BM0oNC9hkXL+nOmFg/+OTxIy7vKBg8P+OxtMb61zO7X8vC7CIAXFjvGDfRaD
ssbzSibBsu/6iGtCOGEoXJf//////////wIBAg==
-----END DH PARAMETERS-----' > /etc/openvpn/server/dh.pem
	# Generate server.conf
	echo "port $PORT
proto $PROTOCOL
dev tun
sndbuf 0
rcvbuf 0
ca ca.crt
cert server.crt
key server.key
dh dh.pem
auth SHA512
tls-auth ta.key 0
topology subnet
server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt" > /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	echo 'push "redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	# DNS
	case $DNS in
		1)
		# Locate the proper resolv.conf
		# Needed for systems running systemd-resolved
		if grep -q "127.0.0.53" "/etc/resolv.conf"; then
			RESOLVCONF='/run/systemd/resolve/resolv.conf'
		else
			RESOLVCONF='/etc/resolv.conf'
		fi
		# Obtain the resolvers from resolv.conf and use them for OpenVPN
		grep -v '#' $RESOLVCONF | grep 'nameserver' | grep -E -o '[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}' | while read line; do
			echo "push \"dhcp-option DNS $line\"" >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		done
		;;
		2)
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 1.1.1.1"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 1.0.0.1"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		3)
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 8.8.8.8"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 8.8.4.4"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		4)
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 208.67.222.222"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 208.67.220.220"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
		5)
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 64.6.64.6"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		echo 'push "dhcp-option DNS 64.6.65.6"' >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
		;;
	esac
	echo "keepalive 10 120
cipher AES-256-CBC
user nobody
group $GROUPNAME
persist-key
persist-tun
status openvpn-status.log
verb 3
crl-verify crl.pem" >> /etc/openvpn/server/server.conf
	# Enable net.ipv4.ip_forward for the system
	echo 'net.ipv4.ip_forward=1' > /etc/sysctl.d/30-openvpn-forward.conf
	# Enable without waiting for a reboot or service restart
	echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
	if pgrep firewalld; then
		# Using both permanent and not permanent rules to avoid a firewalld
		# reload.
		# We don't use --add-service=openvpn because that would only work with
		# the default port and protocol.
		firewall-cmd --add-port=$PORT/$PROTOCOL
		firewall-cmd --zone=trusted --add-source=10.8.0.0/24
		firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=$PORT/$PROTOCOL
		firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=trusted --add-source=10.8.0.0/24
		# Set NAT for the VPN subnet
		firewall-cmd --direct --add-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
		firewall-cmd --permanent --direct --add-rule ipv4 nat POSTROUTING 0 -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
	else
		# Create a service to set up persistent iptables rules
		echo "[Unit]
Before=network.target
[Service]
Type=oneshot
ExecStart=/sbin/iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
ExecStart=/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -p $PROTOCOL --dport $PORT -j ACCEPT
ExecStart=/sbin/iptables -I FORWARD -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
ExecStart=/sbin/iptables -I FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=/sbin/iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s 10.8.0.0/24 ! -d 10.8.0.0/24 -j SNAT --to $IP
ExecStop=/sbin/iptables -D INPUT -p $PROTOCOL --dport $PORT -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=/sbin/iptables -D FORWARD -s 10.8.0.0/24 -j ACCEPT
ExecStop=/sbin/iptables -D FORWARD -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
RemainAfterExit=yes
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target" > /etc/systemd/system/openvpn-iptables.service
		systemctl enable --now openvpn-iptables.service
	fi
	# If SELinux is enabled and a custom port was selected, we need this
	if sestatus 2>/dev/null | grep "Current mode" | grep -q "enforcing" && [[ "$PORT" != '1194' ]]; then
		# Install semanage if not already present
		if ! hash semanage 2>/dev/null; then
			if grep -qs "CentOS Linux release 7" "/etc/centos-release"; then
				yum install policycoreutils-python -y
			else
				yum install policycoreutils-python-utils -y
			fi
		fi
		semanage port -a -t openvpn_port_t -p $PROTOCOL $PORT
	fi
	# And finally, enable and start the OpenVPN service
	systemctl enable --now [email protected]
	# If the server is behind a NAT, use the correct IP address
	if [[ "$PUBLICIP" != "" ]]; then
		IP=$PUBLICIP
	fi
	# client-common.txt is created so we have a template to add further users later
	echo "client
dev tun
proto $PROTOCOL
sndbuf 0
rcvbuf 0
remote $IP $PORT
resolv-retry infinite
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
remote-cert-tls server
auth SHA512
cipher AES-256-CBC
setenv opt block-outside-dns
key-direction 1
verb 3" > /etc/openvpn/server/client-common.txt
	# Generates the custom client.ovpn
	newclient "$CLIENT"
	echo
	echo "Finished!"
	echo
	echo "Your client configuration is available at:" ~/"$CLIENT.ovpn"
	echo "If you want to add more clients, you simply need to run this script again!"
fi

Configurer SSH sur raspberry pi et Ubuntu Mate (facultatif)

sudo systemctl enable ssh
sudo service ssh restart

sudo dpkg-reconfigure openssh-server

Configurer un client OpenVPN

sudo apt-get install openvpn
sudo openvpn --config /path/to/config.ovpn

Pour rendre la connexion permanente, éditer le fichier /etc/default/openvpn et décommenter la ligne AUTOSTART="all" et copier le fichier .ovpn comme ceci (attention à bien renommer l'extension): /etc/openvpn/config.conf